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Friday, April 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Specialization and intensification effects of agricultural markets in Kenya found in the catalog.

Specialization and intensification effects of agricultural markets in Kenya

Walter Odhiambo

Specialization and intensification effects of agricultural markets in Kenya

a comparative analysis of Meru and Machakos Districts

by Walter Odhiambo

  • 238 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi in Nairobi, Kenya .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Kenya,
  • Meru (District),
  • Machakos (District)
    • Subjects:
    • Farm produce -- Kenya -- Meru (District) -- Marketing.,
    • Farm produce -- Kenya -- Machakos (District) -- Marketing.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 29-30).

      Statementby Walter Odhiambo.
      SeriesIDS working paper ;, no. 506, Working paper (University of Nairobi. Institute for Development Studies) ;, no. 506.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHC865.A1 W67 no. 506
      The Physical Object
      Pagination30 p. ;
      Number of Pages30
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL653725M
      LC Control Number96980503

      Take for instance, only 16 per cent of Kenya’s exported agricultural output is processed, even though doubling this would create , new jobs . Smallholder-friendly messages, albeit not always translated into action, returned strongly to the development agenda over a decade ago. Smallholders’ livelihoods encompass social and economic realities outside agriculture, however, providing opportunities as well as challenges for the smallholder model. While smallholders continue to straddle the farm and non-farm sectors, . Katherine A. Snyder, Beth Cullen: Implications of sustainable agricultural intensification for family farming in Africa: Anthropological perspectives Many development agencies and international research centers, such as the Con-sultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), often take a narrow ap-.


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Specialization and intensification effects of agricultural markets in Kenya by Walter Odhiambo Download PDF EPUB FB2

HESSD 8, –, Impacts of agricultural intensification in Kenya J. Mutiga et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References. This chapter explores the link between production specialization and market participation of smallholder agricultural households.

The key premise of the chapter is that transaction costs play a fundamental role in production specialization in agriculture, which in turn affects household decisions on market entry and the extent of market by: 3. Agricultural intensification, dietary diversity, and markets in the global food security narrative Article (PDF Available) in Global Food Security March with Reads.

agricultural production in SSA is likely going to of be the result of intensification and area expansion [5 ]. Intensification agricultural production is a must in the more densely populated areas in order to feed the rapidly growing and urbanizing population. The recent call for an African Green Revolution [6] is an example of the urgency.

intensification, within enabling environments created by processes of socio-economic intensification. What is new in this report is the way in which they are combined as a framework to find appropriate solutions to Africa’s food and nutrition crisis. Recommendations This report presents examples of sustainable intensification in Size: 3MB.

agricultural development along with that in access to and size of urban markets enable us to empirically characterize the relationship between agricultural specialization and the extent of the market.

The results based on the Nepalese data are, however, of more general interest as. Innovation for Sustainable Intensification in Africa, The Montpellier Panel, Agriculture for Impact, London. His latest book, The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation We believe that innovation for sustainable intensification is essential if food and nutrition security is.

Sustainable intensification in African agriculture Jules Pretty1*, Camilla Toulmin2 and Stella Williams3 1 University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex, CO4 3SQ, UK 2 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), 3 Endsleigh Street, London WC1H 0DD 3 Iju Isaga, Agege, Lagos State, Nigeria Over the past half-century, agricultural production gains Cited by: intensification needs to be clarified.

It is argued (in a forthcoming book on The Economics of Agricultural Technology in Semi-Arid Sub-Saharan Africa by Sanders, Shapiro and Ramaswamy, to be published next year by John Hopkins University Press) that once the pressure on land increases, necessitating crop intensification with higher.

Appropriate sustainable intensification (SI) of agriculture is required in Sub-Saharan Africa to meet the rising demand for food and protect resources. Agroforestry and green manures, diversification with grain legumes, conservation agriculture and integrated nutrient management with mineral and organic fertilizers are SI options widely promoted for maize Cited by: Unsurprisingly, developing countries are directing large shares of their agricultural budgets to programs that actively promote crop intensification and the development of more commercially-oriented agricultural systems.

Rwanda’s Crop Intensification Program (CIP), launched inis one such example. Agriculture: A Macro-Economic Perspective Willis Oluoch-Kosura Department of Agricultural Economics University of Nairobi. Outline •Context •Sectors of Kenya’s economy Markets, Inadequate Investment in R&D and Public Extension Services, Coordination FailureFile Size: 1MB.

AGRICULTURAL INPUT INTENSIFICATION, PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH, AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF AFRICAN AGRICULTURE This dissertation studies agricultural input intensi cation, de ned as the increased use of modern inputs such as hybrid seeds, mineral fertilizer, herbicide, and pesticide in African : Didier Y.

Alia. In the agricultural context, diversification can be regarded as the re-allocation of some of a farm's productive resources, such as land, capital, farm equipment and labour to other products and, particularly in richer countries, to non-farming activities such as restaurants and shops.

Factors leading to decisions to diversify are many, but include: reducing risk, responding to changing. AGRICULTURAL SECTOR COMPONENTS AND POTENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES 8 Agricultural Systems in Kenya 8 Production Scales 8 Agricultural Sub-sectors 9 Crops 9 Livestock 10 Agricultural Services in Kenya 11 Challenges of the sector 12 Farm level challenges 12 Policy level challenges 14File Size: 1MB.

Farming systems are dynamic, but the overall trajectory around the globe is of increasing intensification of resource use for agricultural production. This chapter sets out some historical views on forces that drive agricultural intensification. These include population density, markets, access to resources, and technological : Sieglinde Snapp, Barry Pound.

The negative effects of isolation on high return wage work and on self-employment are magnified in locations with higher agricultural potential. The low return nonfarm activities respond primarily to local demand displaying no significant spatial variation.

spelt out in the Visionand the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy – (ASDS) emphasize the need to improve extension system delivery. The National Agricultural Sector Extension Policy (NASEP) spells out modalities for effective management and organization of agricultural extension in a pluralistic system.

Kenya is a prime example of these earlier policies, with limits on maize marketing, agricultural inputs marketing and dairy marketing restrictions that were lifted through the reforms. Over this same time, urban populations and rural population densities have increased dramatically, further broadening the scope for trade.

through specialization and globalization of the process of production and an integrated market. This has led to an integration of national economies, where uniformity results.

The Impact of Globalization on Africa In Africa, its position in the international system has been considerably weakened by the fact that it has been.

linked to markets through efficient value chains. To develop policies and programmes that can have a real impact on smallholder farmers’ market integration at scale, an in-depth, refined understanding of smallholder farming is required. in particular,File Size: 2MB. Analyses the effects of smallholder commercialization on foodcrop input use and productivity in rural Kenya.

The main research issues were: To examine the determinants of smallholder fertilizer use on food crops, with a focus on the effects of household and regional agricultural commercialization. Extract. Determinants and Constraints of Smallholder Participation in the Commercialization of Horticulture: An Application of Panel Data to Vegetable Producers in Kenya Introduction Paricipation in commercialization by smallholders can be both a consequence as much as a cause of economic development and poverty reduction, especially in developing countries.

This “specialization” and the intensive tightening of markets and increased food price volatility. in will have to come from agricultural intensification, which means increased. Downloadable (with restrictions). Boserup and Ruthenberg (BR) provided the framework to analyze the impact of population growth and market access on the intensification of farming systems.

Prior evidence in Africa is consistent with the framework. Over the past two decades, rapid population growth has put farming systems under stress, while rapid urbanization and Cited by: •Sustainable intensification: aims •Increase yields •Increase positive environmental side-effects •Decreased negative side-effects • On the same land – Both improvements in crops and improvements in agro-ecological management •Make the best of all technologies, approaches and farming methods In Kenya rice is mainly produced by small-scale farmers in Central (Mwea), Western (Bunyala), Coast (Tana delta, Msambweni) and Nyanza provinces (Ahero, West Kano, Migori and Kuria).

Aboutrice farmers provide labour and also earn their livelihood out of the crop’sFile Size: KB. Kenya Horticultural Industry The horticulture industry is the fastest growing agricultural sub-sector in the country, and is ranked third in terms of foreign exchange earnings from exports after tourism and tea (HCDA, ).

In the horticultural industry earned the country Kenya shillings billion from. INCLUSIVE GROWTH AN IMPERATIVE FOR AFRICAN AGRICULTURE i SinceAfrica has been experiencing a remarkable economic growth accompanied by improving democratic environment. Real GDP growth has risen by more than twice its pace in the last Size: 1MB.

Smallholder Agriculture in East Africa: Trends, Constraints and Opportunities (1) Adeleke Salami, Abdul B. Kamara and Zuzana Brixiova _____ AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Working Paper No.

April (1) Adeleke Salami, Abdul B. Kamara, Zuzana Brixiova are Research Economist, Research Division Manager andFile Size: KB. primary commodity markets and the deteriorating terms of trade. The other school of thought emphasizes factors that are internal to the country, that is, the domestic policies that have affected export supply adversely.

In brief, the arguments are that the cumulative effect of government’s agricultural policies hasFile Size: KB. Interlinked Credit and Farm Intensification: Evidence from Kenya. Agricultural Economics, Vol.

31(6): Included in a special issue of Agricultural Economics as one of the top 20 papers submitted to the International Association of Agricultural Economists Triennial Meetings, Durban, South Africa, August, Mather, David. Prabhu Pingali. Prabhu Pingali is the Founding Director of the Tata-Cornell Institute and a Professor in the Charles H.

Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, with joint appointments in the Division of Nutritional Sciences and the Department of Global Development, in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell University.

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture: An integrated systems research approach (Earthscan Food and Agriculture) [Oborn, Ingrid, Vanlauwe, Bernard, Phillips, Michael, Thomas, Richard, Brooijmans, Willemien, Atta-Krah, Kwesi] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Sustainable Intensification in Smallholder Agriculture: An integrated systems Format: Hardcover. by markets of destination and sectors, De Vita and Abbott () found that, UK exports to the EU14, in aggregate and across sectors are largely unaffected by short-term exchange rate volatility.

In Cameroon for instance, studies of agricultural export behavior by Amin () and Tshibaka () estimated the effects of exchange rate. Socio-economic context and role of agriculture Ghana is a middle-income West African country which expe-rienced impressive economic growth from to This growth has slowed significantly since in light of macro-economic challenges, such as high budget deficit and inflation, but is still expected to remain positive, due toFile Size: KB.

However, in Kenya AKIS are more effective as there is a network of knowledge ties crucial for not only dissemination but also learning of complex innovations. This is largely lacking in Ghana where integration of formal and informal agricultural knowledge systems may be enhanced by fostering the function of informal and formal innovation by: 4.

R&D are necessary to boost the agricultural intensification to achieve the desired African Green Revolution. Figure 11 shows a steady increase in the share of cropFile Size: 9MB. This dissertation studies agricultural input intensification, defined as the increased use of modern inputs such as hybrid seeds, mineral fertilizer, herbicide, and pesticide in African agriculture.

It also analyses the potential of this intensification to accelerate productivity growth and tests the effectiveness of two policies, input subsidies and land reforms, in promoting it and Author: Didier Y.

Alia. Most forms of intensification have long-term benefits and drawbacks. On the one hand, intensification has fed large populations and spurred the development and spread of large-scale complex societies.

On the other, ever-increasing populations require ever more intensive use of the landscape, with negative environmental consequences. Annotated Bibliography AFRICA Articles Babo, Alfred.

"Sociopolitical Crisis and the Reconstruction of Sustainable Periurban Agriculture in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire." African Studies Review. no. 3 (): Through internal mitigation, the use of fertilizers, and changes in market structure, urban and traditional agricultural practices ensured steady supply of produce .Based on a sample of smallholder farmers in Vihiga County of Western Kenya, the leitmotif of the book is to examine the complex linkage between the production of marketable agricultural products (cash crops) as well as food crops for subsistence on the one hand and the income situation and food security on the other hand.8 Kenya - changes in land use, 69 9 Kenya - habitat/ecosystem loss in the s 70 10 Kenya - changes in area under various crops 75 11 Crops most affected by soil-related factors according to smallholders' perceptions 79 12 Trends in agricultural productivity for selected crops 83 13 Fertiliser availability and usage,